1990-1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 3.2. Diesel engines
+ 3.3. Removal and a partition of engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Systems of start, ignition
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension brackets, a steering
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
14.1.1. Changed numbers
14.1.2. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
14.2. Durability of the car
14.3. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.4. Preparation of the car for winter
14.5. It is not got – a good advice
14.6. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?
14.7. Visit to car-care centre
+ 14.8. The engine
+ 14.9. The conditioner
+ 14.11. Three in one – or how to save the catalyst
- 14.12. The accumulator
14.12.2. How correctly to choose the accumulator
14.12.3. "voltage" loading
14.12.4. Protect the accumulator!
14.13. The generator
14.15. "Automatic machine"
+ 14.16. Brake system
+ 14.17. Wheels and tyres
14.12.3. "voltage" loading
The accumulator main task is giving of a current for engine start. The current which is required for проворачивания the cold engine differs from the car to the car. It depends on size of a piston stroke and diameter, quantity of cylinders, a parity прокручивания the engine / a starter, resistance of a chain, temperatures, viscosity of oil of the engine and loading of auxiliary devices. The four-cylinder engine can demand the same size of a current of start as well as eight-cylinder with the big working volume. When the original storage equipment steals up to the car all these factors are considered.
The second appointment аккмуляторной batteries is completion of loading requirements of the car when they exceed possibility зарядной systems on supply by energy. The zarjadnaja system maintains electric loading under normal conditions movements. Nevertheless, if the engine is idling, the battery can fill a part of energy for auxiliary devices. It takes place at driving on a city at constant stops and movement renewal at normal loading of auxiliary devices. The storage battery should fill electric loading of the car at refusal зарядной systems.
At replacement of the automobile accumulator apply equivalent to the original storage battery. Apply the storage battery большей capacities if it is necessary больший reliability factor.
The third appointment of the storage battery is action as a voltage stabilizer in зарядной to system. From time to time in electric system very high transitive pressure are developed. It can take place at short circuit or chain disconnection, etc. The storage battery partially absorbs and considerably smoothes these peak pressure and protects semi-conductor components from failure.
Typical loadings of the passenger car (in amperes)